Museums Directory by Type:

See also the general directory.

Organizing by type hopefuly will make it easier to identify additions (or subtractions) that need to be made to the directory, which is one reason why the "other lists" have been included. Any help will be much appreciated. Please send suggesions to fiinnb@si.edu. Basic criteria, indicated on the Directory page, are that they are "historical museums of science and/or technology ... that make a special point of being accessible to scholars ... in general [with] significant documented collections and knowledgable curators."

Some categories, like "instruments," might apply to many museums; the inclusion here is based mainly on whether the museum itself has made a point of mentioning them. We have no objection to adding more museums to any particular type. On the other hand, "general" museums frequently lack collections in certain areas,which, if deemed significant, will sometimes be mentioned by the "comments" links.

AIR, SPACE

Canada
Canada Aviation and Space Museum, Ottawa, Canada, www.aviation.technomuses.ca  [Air, Space]

Germany
Otto-Lilienthal-Museum, Anklam, Germany, www.lilienthal-museum.de/olma/intro.htm [Air]

US
National Air and Space Museum, Washington DC, US, www.airandspace.si.edu  [Air, Space]

National Museum of the US Air Force, Wright-Patterson AFB, US, www.nationalmuseum.af.mil  [Air]

Western Reserve Historical Society, Cleveland, US, www.wrhs.org  [Air,also Automobles]

Other lists
Aerofiles.com (primarily US and Canada): http://aero.com/museums/museumss.htm

Wikipedia aerospace museums (worldwide):https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_aerospace_museums

ASTRONOMY

US
Adler Planetarium, Chicago, US, www.adlerplanetarium.org/researchcollections [also Instruments]

Other lists:
History of AstronomyWorking Group(worldwide; extensivelistincludes memorials, exhibits) https://astro.uni-bonn.de/~pbrosche/hist_astr/ha_mus.html

Wikipedia list: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Astronomy_museums (a half-dozen sites)

AUTOMOBILE

US
Western Reserve Historical Society,Cleveland, US, www.wrhs.org,[also Air]

BIOGRAPHY

Hungary
Semmelweis Orvostoerteneti Muzeum (Archive for the History of Medicine), Budapest, Hungary, www.semmelweis.museum.hu [also Medicine]

Germany
Ernst-Haeckel Haus, Jena, Germany, www.ehh.uni-jena.de/Museum.html [also Site]

Serbia`
Tesla Museum, Krunska 51, Belgrade, 11000, Serbia, www.tesla-museum.org

US
Edison National Historic Site, West Orange, US, www.nps.gov/edis [also Site}

Edison Winter Home and Museum, Fort Myers, US, www.efwefla.org [also Site]

CHEMISTRY

US
Museum at the Chemical Heritage Foundation, Philadelphia, US, www.chemheritage.

CLOCKS

CHINA
National Palace Museum; Scientific Instrument and Clock Hall, 4 Dongcheng, Beijing, China
http://www.dpm.org.cn/www_oldweb/English/default.html [Instruments, Clocks]

GERMANY
Das Deutsches Uhrenmuseum, Robert-Gerwig-Platz 1, Furtwangen, 78120, Germany, www.deutsches-uhrenmuseum.de [Clocks]

COMPUTER

UK
York University Computer Museum, Toronto, Canada, www.cse.yorku.ca/museum/, [also University]

US
Computer History Museum, Mountain View, US, www.computerhistory.org

Other Lists
Wikipedia (worldwide; about 50) https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Computer_museum

DENTISTRY

US
Dr. Samuel D. Harris National Museum of Dentistry, Baltimore, US, www.historyofdentistry.org/museum

Other Lists
Wikipedia (7 museums inllarger list of medical museums): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Dental_museums

ELECTRICITY

UK
Porthcurno Telegraph Museum, Porthcurno, Penzance, UK, www.porthcurno.org.uk [Telegraph]

UK
Bakken Library and Museum, Minneapolis, US, www.thebakken.org [Electricity]

Antique Wireless Association Electronic-Communication Museum, Bloomfield, US, www.antiquewireless.org [Radio]

Museum of the Moving Image, Astoria, US, www.movingimage.us, [Television; also Photography]

National Electronics Museum, Baltimore, US, www.nationalelectronicsmuseum.org [Electronics, Radar]

INDUSTRY

UK
National Waterfront Museum: Wales, Swansea, UK, www.museumwales.ac.uk/en/swansea/about [also Maritime]

National Slate Museum: Wales, Llanberis, Gwynedd, Wales, LL55 4TY, UK, www.museumwales.ac.uk/en/slate/ [Industry, Slate, Site]

National Wool Museum: Wales, Carmarthenshire, UK, www.museumwales.ac.uk/en/wool/, [also Material]

US
Baltimore Museum of Industry, Baltimore, US, www.thebmi.org

Other Lists
Wikipedia (extensive; broken down int sub-categories): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Industry_museums

INSTRUMENTS

Australia
Macleay Museum, University of Sydney; G/collecosper Lane; Camperdown, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia, http://sydney.edu.au/museumstions/macleay.shtml [University, Instruments]

Canada
University of Toronto Museum of Scientific Instruments, Room 316 Victoria College 91 Charles Street West, Toronto, ON, M5S 1K7, Canada, http://projects.chass.utoronto.ca/utmusi [University. Instruments]

China
National Palace Museum; Scientific Instrument and Clock Hall, Beijing, China
http://www.dpm.org.cn/www_oldweb/English/default.html [Instruments]

Germany
Mathematisch-Physikalischer Salon, Zwinger; Dresden, Germany, www.skd.museum/?id=82 [Instruments]

Netherlands
Teylers Museum, Spaame 16, Haarlem, 2011, Netherlands, www.teylersmuseum.nl  [Instruments, Site]

UK
Hunterian Museum, University Avenue; University of Glasgow, Glasgow, Strathclyde, G 12 800, UK, www.gla.ac.uk/hunterian [University, Instruments]

Whipple Museum of the History of Science, Free School Lane, Cambridge, Cambridgeshire, CB2 3RH, UK, www.hps.cam.ac.uk/whipple [University, Instruments]

US
Adler Planetarium, Chicago, US, www.adlerplanetarium.org/researchcollections [also Astronomy]

Harvard University Collection of Scientific Instruments, Cambridge, MA, US, http://chsi.harvard.edu/ [also University]

MARITIME

Australia
Australian National Maritime Museum, Darling Harbour, Australia, www.anmm.gov.au/site/page.cfm

Western Australian Museum Maritime, Fremantle, Australia, http://museum.wa.gov.au/museums/wa-maritime-museum
Bermuda
Bermuda Maritime Museum, , Bermuda, www.bmm.bm

Canada
Marine Museum of the Great Lakes at Kingston, Kingston, Canada, www.marmuseum.ca

Maritime Museum of the Atlantic, Halifax, Canada, www.museum.gov.ns.ca/mmanew/en

Chile
Museo Maritimo Nacional, Valparaiso, Chile, www.museonaval.cl

China
Hong Kong Maritime Museum, Hong Kong, China, www.hkmaritimemuseum.org

Denmark
Danish Maritime Museum, Elsinore, Denmark, http://mfs.dk/en/

Viking Ship Museum, Roskilde, Denmark, www.vikingeskibsmuseet.dk

Germany
Schifffahrtsmuseum, Rostock, Germany, www.abc.se/~m10354/mar/shipmus.htm

Macau
Museu Maritimo, Macau, www.museumaritimo.gov.mo/index_e.html

Sweden
Sjohistoriska Museet, Stockholm, Sweden, www.sjohistoriska.se/en

Vasamuseet, Stockholm, Sweden, www.vasamuseet.se

UK
National Maritime Museum, Greenwich, UK, www.rmg.co.uk

National Waterfront Museum: Wales, Swansea, UK, www.museumwales.ac.uk/en/swansea/about [also Industry]

Scottish Maritime Museum, Irvine, UK, www.scottishmaritimemuseum.org

US
Columbia River Maritime Museum, Astoria, US, www.crmm.org

Great Lakes Historical Society, Vermillion, US, www.inlandseas.org

Independence Seaport Museum, Philadelphia, US, www.phillyseaport.org

Lake Champlain Maritime Museum, Vergennes, US, www.lcmm.org

Maine Maritime Museum, Bath, US, www.mainemaritimemuseum.org
Mariners' Museum, Newport News, US, www.marinersmuseum.org

Maritime Museum of San Diego, San Diego, US, www.sdmaritime.org/the-museum

Mystic Seaport, Mystic, US, www.mysticseaport.org

New Bedford Whaling Museum, New Bedford, US, www.whalingmuseum.org

San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park, San Francisco , US, www.nps.gov/safr/index.htm

Other Lists
Council of Amerian Maritime Museums (broken down by states): http://councilofamericanmaritimemuseums.org/member-directory/state-listing/

International Congress of Martime Museums Directory (new data base in process, October 2015): http://www.icmmonline.org/

MATERIAL

UK
Blists Hill Open Air Museum lronbdrige Gorge Museum, Telford, UK, www.ironbridge.org.uk [Iron]

National Slate Museum: Wales, Llanberis, Gwynedd, Wales, LL55 4TY, UK, www.museumwales.ac.uk/en/slate/ [Industry, Slate, Site]

National Wool Museum: Wales, Carmarthenshire, UK, www.museumwales.ac.uk/en/wool/, [Wool; also Industry]

MEDICINE

Canada
Museum of Health Care, Kingston, UK, www.museumofhealthcare.ca

Denmark

Medicinsk Museion Københavns Universitet, København, Denmark, www.museion.ku.dk [also University]

Germany
Deutsches Hygiene Museum, Dresden, Germany, www.dhmd.de

Deutsches Medizin-Historisches Museum, Ingolstadt, Germany, www.dmm-ingolstadt.de

Hungary
Semmelweis Orvostoerteneti Muzeum (Archive for the History of Medicine), Budapest, Hungary, www.semmelweis.museum.hu [also Biography]

Italy
Universita di Roma 'La Sapienza' Museo di Storia della Medicina, Rome, Italy, www.histmed.it

South Africa
Adler Museum of the History of Medicine, Johannesburg, South Africa, www.wits.ac.za/adlermuseumofmedicine/10343/adler_museum_of_medicine.html

Spain
Fundacio-Museu d'Historia de la Medicina deCatalunya, Terrassa, Spain, www.museudelamedicina.cat/cat/museu/home.htm

Switzerland
Med-Historisches Institut, Zurich, Switzerland, www.mhiz.uzh.ch

UK
Old Operating Theatre Museum & Herb Garret, London, UK, www.thegarret.org.uk

St Bartholomew's Hospital Museum, London, UK, www.bartshealth.nhs.uk/search.aspx?phrase=museum

Thackray Medical Museum, Leeds, UK, http://www.thackraymedicalmuseum.co.uk/

Wellcome Institute for the History of Medicine, London, UK, www.wellcomecollection.org

US
Dittrick Museum of Medical History, Cleveland, US, www.case.edu/artsci/dittrick/museum

Natonal Museum of Civil War Medicine, Frederick, US, www.civilwarmed.org

Other Lists
Dittrick Medical History Center (one list inside the US, one outside; emphasis on research): http://artsci.case.edu/dittrick/research/links-of-interest/medical-museums-outside-the-united-states/

Wikipedia (about three dozen, international): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Medical_museums

Medical Museums Association (currnt members--people, but most associated with museums): http://medicalmuseumsassociation.org/?

MILITARY

Austria
Heeresgeschichtliches Museum (Military History Museum), Vienna, Austria, www.hgm.or.at

Belgium
Musée Royal de l’Armée et d’Histoire Militaire, Brussels, Belgium, www.klm-mra.be

Bulgaria
National Museum of Military History, Sofia, Bulgaria, www.militarymuseum.bg/eng/index.html

Czech Republic
Voyenský Historický Ústav (Military Historical Institute), Prague, Czech Republic, www.militarymuseum.cz

France
Musée de l’Armée / Musée National d’Armes et d’Histoire Militaire, Paris, France, www.musee-armee.fr

Germany
Militärhistorisches Museum, Dresden, Germany, www.mgfa.de/html/museen_dresden_2005.php

Serbia
Military Museum, Belgrade, Serbia,www.muzej.mod.gov.rs/en

UK
Imperial War Museum, London, UK, www.iwm.org.uk

National Army Museum, London, UK, www.national-army-museum.ac.uk

Royal Armouries: Fort Nelson, Fareham, UK,www.royalarmouries.org/visit-us/fort-nelson

Royal Armouries: Leeds, Leeds, UK,www.royalarmouries.org/visit-us/leeds

Royal Armouries: Tower of London, London, UK, www.royalarmouries.org/visit-us/tower-of-london

Other Lists
Olive-Drab, US Military Museums (about 100, with brief descriptions): http://olive-drab.com/od_history_museums_us.php

World Wide Militaria (about 50, mailnly US, British, French, German): http://www.wwmeinc.com/links/museums.php

MUSIC

Belgium
Musée des Instruments de Musique, Brussels, Belgium, www.mim.be/museum

Germany
Museum für Musikinstrumente der Universität Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany,  http://mfm.uni-leipzig.de/dt/index.php

Musikinstrumenten-Museum, Berlin, Germany, www.sim.spk-berlin.de/mim_3.html

Italy
Museo di Strumenti Musicali dell'Accademia Nazionale di Santa Cecilia, Rome, Italy, http://museo.santacecilia.it/museo/

UK
Royal Academy of Music Museum, London, UK, www.ram.ac.uk/museum

PHARMACY

UK
Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain, London, UK, www.rpharms.com/about-pharmacy/our-museum.asp

Other Lists
Wikipedia (21, international): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Pharmacy_museums

Griffenhagen, Stieb, Fisher Guide to Pharmacy museums in US andCanada, 1999 (almost 200, with descriptions): http://pharmacy.wisc.edu/sites/default/files/content/american-institute-history-pharmacy/historical-sources-pharmacy-faq/museumguide.pdf

PHOTOGRAPHY (including Motion Pictures)

Germany
Deutsches Filmmuseum, Frankfurt, Germany, www.deutsches-filmmuseum.de

UK
National Media Museum, Bradford, UK, www.nationalmediamuseum.org.uk

US
Museum of the Moving Image, Astoria, US, www.movingimage.us [also electricity]

Oher Lists
Wikipedia, Photographic technology museums (13, international): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:Photographic_technology_museums

Camerapedia (about 100, international, some descriptions): http://camerapedia.wikia.com/wiki/Camera_and_photography_museums

RAIL

Canada
Musée Ferroviaire Canadiene, Saint-Constant, Canada, www.exporail.org

Denmark
Danmarks Jernbanemuseet (Denmark Railway Museum), København, Denmark, www.jernbanemuseet.dk

Germany
Deutsche Bahn Museum, Nürnberg, Germany, www.dbmuseum.de

Spain
Museo del ferrocarril, Madrid, Spain, www.museodelferrocarril.org

UK
National Railway Museum, York, UK, www.nrm.org.uk

US
B&O Railroad Museum, Baltimore, US, www.borail.org

California State Railroad Museum, Sacramento, US, www.csrmf.org

Other Lists
Wikiipedia (international): https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_railway_museums

SCIENCE

Switzerland
Museum of History of Science, Geneva, Switzerland, www.ville-ge.ch/mhs [Science]

SCHOOL

Argentina
Museo Tecnologico Ingeniero Eduardo Latzina,Buenos Aires, Argentina, www.aeok.org.ar/museo [School]

SITE

Germany
Ernst-Haeckel Haus, Jena, Germany, www.ehh.uni-jena.de/Museum.html [also Biography]

Netherlands
Teyler's Museum, Spaame 16, Haarlem, 2011, Netherlands, www.teylersmuseum.eu  [Instruments, Site]

Sweden
Observatoriemuseet, Drottninggaten 120, Stockholm, 113 60, Sweden, http://www.observatoriet.kva.se [Astronomy, Site]

UK
Blists Hill Open Air Museum lronbridge Gorge Museum, Telford, Shropshire, TF8 7AW, UK, www.ironbridge.org.uk [Iron, Site]

National Railway Museum, York, UK, www.nrm.org.uk [Rail, Site]

National Slate Museum: Wales, Llanberis, Gwynedd, Wales, LL55 4TY, UK, www.museumwales.ac.uk/en/slate/ [Industry, Slate, Site]

Old Operating Theatre Museum & Herb Garret, St Thomas's Church; 9A St Thomas's Street, London, SE1 9RT, UK, www.thegarret.org.uk [Medicine, Site]

Porthcurno Telegraph Museum, Porthcurno; Penzance, UK, www.porthcurno.org.uk

US
Edison National Historic Site, West Orange, US, www.nps.gov/edis [also Biography]

Edison Winter Home and Museum, Fort Myers, US, www.efwefla.org[also Biography]

UNIVERSITY

Argentina
Museo de Ciencia y Tecnica, Facultad de Ingenieria Av. Las Heras 2214, Buenos Aires, 1127, Argentina, www.fi.uba.ar/es/node/170 [University, Instruments]

Canada

University of Toronto Museum of Scientific Instruments, https://utsic.escalator.utoronto.ca/home/ 

York University Computer Museum, Toronto, Canada, www.cse.yorku.ca/museum/, [also Computer]

Denmark
Medicinsk Museion Københavns Universitet, Bredgade 62, København, K, DK-1260, Denmark, www.museion.ku.dk [Medicine, University]

UK
Dundee University Museum Collections, Dundee, Scotland, UK, www.dundee.ac.uk/museum/

US
Harvard University Collection of Scientific Instruments, Cambridge, MA, US, http://chsi.harvard.edu/ [also Instruments]

MIT Museum, Cambridge, MA, US, http://mitmuseum.mit.edu/ [University]